Rezūm BPH Treatment

Rezūm treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia at a glance

  • Rezūm is a minimally invasive treatment option for BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia), an enlarged prostate gland that affects urine flow.
  • Rezūm treatment uses controlled water vapor (steam) to remove the urethra blockage caused by BPH.
  • Patients who undergo Rezūm experience fewer side effects compared with side effects seen in invasive surgical procedures.

What is Rezūm?                               

Rezūm is a minimally invasive treatment option for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which is the enlargement of the prostate gland. This enlargement blocks the urethra that carries urine from the bladder to the penis for expulsion. This enlargement can reduce the flow of urine from the bladder and sometimes block it completely.

As these symptoms increase, a man’s quality of life can be greatly affected. This can include urgency to urinate, getting up frequently at night to urinate and psychological distress.

Interested in using Rezūm to treat your BPH?

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Rezūm treatment releases thermal energy directly to the prostate gland to treat BPH by using water vapor (steam). When the steam comes into contact with the prostatic tissue, it condenses into its liquid state and releases its stored thermal energy. This thermal energy kills the cell membranes immediately, freeing up the blockage caused by BPH.

Rezūm therapy is minimally invasive, which means that no incisions are made during the procedure. This allows the patient to have Rezūm done in an outpatient clinic and experience a quicker recovery.

Benefits of Rezūm BPH treatment

Rezūm therapy is chosen by many patients due to its minimally invasive nature. It also provides the follow benefits:

  • Preserves sexual and urinary function
  • Alternative to BPH medications
  • Relieves symptoms quickly (typically within two weeks)
  • Does not involve anesthesia
  • Allows patients to return to regular activities within a few days.

Dr. Parminder Sethi discusses benefits of Rezūm

How is Rezūm done?

During the Rezūm procedure, a narrow sheath is inserted through the urethra. Once inserted, a thin needle is deployed from the sheath and into the prostate gland.

Water vapor (steam) is then rapidly delivered to the prostate gland, typically within 8-10 seconds. When the water vapor comes into contact with the prostatic tissue, it condenses into its liquid state and releases its stored thermal energy. This thermal energy kills the cell membranes, freeing up the blockage caused by BPH.

Over time, the patient’s body will absorb the treated tissue through its natural healing process.

Side effects and considerations of Rezūm

Side effects

Since it is a minimally invasive procedure, patients who undergo Rezūm experience fewer side effects compared with those seen in invasive surgical procedures. However, with any procedure, side effects may occur temporarily. The most common Rezūm side effects are:

  • Painful urination
  • Blood in semen and urine
  • Frequent urination.

These side effects typically subside on their own within three weeks of the procedure. Discomfort during the short-term healing process can be relieved through:

  • Mild pain medication (Tylenol)
  • A warm bath or heating pad.

The right candidate

Patients should carefully consider each option before deciding on their BPH treatment plan. Rezūm is most successful in patients who meet the following criteria:

  • Men who are not bothered enough by symptoms to elect a surgical procedure
  • Men who are not interested in other minimally invasive treatments
  • Men who have decided to discontinue taking BPH medication.